Eye surgery, sometimes called ocular surgery, is usually surgery done on the eye itself or some of its associated adnexa, usually by an eye surgeon. The eye is such a delicate organ and needs extreme care prior, during, and immediately after a surgery. If you have any concerns about what to expect during your eye surgery, it would be a wise choice to seek the counsel of a qualified eye surgeon. When considering eye surgery for retinal detachment surgery, the surgeon will first need to determine whether the procedure is warranted. Click here for more details on eye surgery.
One of the most common types of eye surgery is blepharoplasty. Blepharoplasty is the medical term for "puffy eyelids." This procedure involves removing excess fat and tissue from around the eyes in order to tighten the upper eyelids, making them look smaller and less cuddly. A small incision is made, through which the doctor makes a small incision to remove the excess skin. After the incision is made, a pocket is created and the excess tissue is gently folded back inside the pocket.
Prior, to surgery, an anesthetic may be provided in pill form or in a syringe. In most cases, local anesthesia is provided in an eye surgery because general anesthesia cannot be given to the patient if there are large areas of the eye that need to be operated on. General anesthesia, however, may cause contracture of the muscles surrounding the eye. To prevent this from happening, a low dose of local anesthetic may be injected into the eye. Alternatively, a combination of local and general anesthesia may be used if the Las Vegas Eye Institute surgeon feels it is necessary.
Another common type of eye surgery is myopia correction using the excimer laser. This procedure is used to correct the problems of myopia, which is an irregular blurred vision in vision. A thin membrane is cut on the cornea with the excimer laser, after which the eye is cleaned. Next, a thin flap is made, along with a stream that is similar to a surgical incision, and the excimer laser is placed inside the eye to reshape the cornea.
For in-situ keratomileusis, a variety of conditions may be present which could cause the eyes to become fluid filled, leading to nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism. The excimer laser is used in conjunction with various in-situ keratomileusis techniques such as PRK, LASIK or LASEK to correct these problems. Lasik is also sometimes combined with other vision procedures, for example the use of LASIK with refractive surgery.
Prior, to undergoing a lasik eye surgery procedure your eye doctor will perform a comprehensive eye exam. Your doctor will also review with you all of the risks, side effects and possible complications associated with the procedure. You will be given specific instructions and a list of documents that you need to keep. Generally this involves staying away from certain foods for a day or more following the surgery. To get more enlightened on this topic, see this page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eye_surgery.